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tv   Medgar Evers House  CSPAN  July 5, 2014 1:40pm-2:01pm EDT

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responsibility to me or she is there to go out and make sure we expanded. >> dr. wayne fredericks on the thelenges facing university. >> all weekend long, american history television is showcasing the history of mississippi's capital city. to learn more about this on our tour, visit c-span.org/ localcontent. we continue now with the history of jackson. >> for many of us who have gone overseas and fought for this fought for mississippi, fought for alabama, fought for north carolina, fought for illinois and for every state in this union.
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to stay here for this to become a reality. he got out of his car. it takes about 40 hours away. fired a single shot here it it cracked through his body. >> it was in jackson, mississippi. our addresses 2332. raised inn and decatur mississippi. he talked about when you read about him and listening to him
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talk, he knew the differences between the races that were made. he could not understand why. he talked about having white playmates. they would hunt and fish together. he got to be the age of 16. he talked about seeing his friends. he was going downtown. he saw his friends standing on the corner. he said they called him nigger. he noticed his friends dropped his head when he said it. that is what kind of situation he drew up in. he knew the difference that was made between the races. he could never understand why it was that way. his father would talk to him and responsibilities. and listening to people talk, it
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really came home to him just how the differences were made and the things that would happen. said that is what they would do. said i was a little bit angry and frustrated. he was hurt. mississippi from t and going to the army when he was only 16. about he said defending america, it did not matter about the color of the skin until they came back home. on his 21st birthday he try to register to vote. he and his mother charles, he said they turn them around with shotguns. against this.up he made him get serious. theses when he finished
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other two years of high school. he was off in college. and mount the value at that town. it was an all-black town. it was founded and run by blacks. lived there with a man who was rich. he gave the first job of selling insurance for him. little townut in a of clarksville, mississippi. he went to the plantation. they were trying to sell insurance out there. they began to look at some of the conditions under which these people were living. they do not even know of the insurance was. as he was talking to them and
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watching their conditions and looking at the reactions he was getting when he talked about human rights, civil rights, the in aa cpe. getting registered to vote, that kind of ink. they would tell the stories. they were true. what was happening to people in the area. he tried to register you go, what would happen? he wasuld happen to you? telling them that. he would get out what he was doing. he started several. he initiated several boycotts of their.
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the prices in the grocery store. they would go up. mississippi has not had any naacp secretaries. his job was to come in and organize 82 calendars in the and gettingsissippi people registered to vote in taking complaints, that sort of thing, checking what was going on. believe he was selected by the national naacp office to do that after he tried to get into mississippi. when they denied him admission, that is when the national naacp asked them to become field secretary.
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he had to come into jackson. maybe at first they did not take it too serious. it was only after he came into jackson and really began to get with the got involved freedom riders. who says this man is shaking things up. he challenged them. heard this only when i went away to college. he was not on television. he was not on radio. this is when people begin to see they were not going to turn people around. i called and the graduate people. the foot soldiers began to get involved. women, children began to get involved.
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this man is really shaking things up. >> do not suffer anything on capitol street. feeield it. one merchant called me. he said i want you to know i talked to my national office today. they want me to tell you that we do not need nigger business. this is the council dedicated to keeping you and i second class citizens. finely we will be demonstrating this until freedom comes. negroes here in jackson mississippi. >> this is where they came to live in 1950. into this neighborhood
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after he became field secretary. this was a neighborhood that was being what it was set to be. the sun never happened before. these have developed a one street subdivision. they were constructing homes. diary, and teachers, business owners come in meeting on this one street. put into place the subdivision. this is where it came. this is a lot. this was a house on the left and one on the right. he need the things that were happening. these things.
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he came to this plan. hes do not have the spirit was going to teach a family that when they come into the driveway there were always going to exit the car from the passenger side. that way they could use this for protection. this was higher than other windows. the first year they were here. shot -- someone shot through the living room window. kids on thethe floor so they would be lower. this is when they all got on the floor. she talked about sometime time she would sleep with a gun.
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she was protecting her kids. followingople were him. that is why he took all of these precautions. in meetings he talked about how he had this mechanic friend. he has these kinds of things. sometimes i think you have a calling. i think this is the way it was. >> i had a number of threatening calls. he said i'm going to blow my home of. he said i only have a few hours to live. >> he got out of his car beside his home. he thought a lot about 40 yards away.
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it crashed through his body. thewo talked about this in back of the house. said my kids began crawling across the floor to go to the bathroom because they said should something should happen, the safest place in the house as the bathtub and that is where they were headed until she heard a song like someone threw something on the house and it made her break for the door. he's a thief who open the door make with staggering, trying to get to the store. she heard a couple more shots. shots was this next-door. not aiming and
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anybody in particular. i wish his hope in to run who it was away. they came to the rescue so to speak. lying face down with his keys in his right town. she said i thought he was dead but he wasn't. he was saying something we cannot understand. they brought him inside the house. need to the matters out of the door to see it. >> in jackson mississippi in .963 there lived a man all of hisor freedom life. laid him in his grave.
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new movement seem like it died a little bit. after that he was buried in arlington national cemetery. it appeared no one would lend the house. it had gotten in shape. exhibits ander other museums. some.ieve wanting to do we may not have known exactly what we were going to do. see orwant to come and reopen them and let people float in and flow out. it got to the point where we've got to say something. there are people in mississippi who are my age or older who do medgar evernow who
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was. i want people to know who view was, what a great difference he made in mississippi during i learned throughout the world. one of the things is i like mississippi. i like home. i like fishing here. i like hunting here. mississippi is a wonderful place to grow up. why should i leave? why should you be mississippi? it is to some unknown city to get a decent education and to make a living for your family, to get a decent job. to support your family to have a nice home.
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why should you have to do that? everts decided to stay right here in mississippi. thank god he did. >> this national historic landmark built in 1839 which makes of this 175 years old this shooter. the oldest surviving in jackson. it is a placer mississippi history have in. we are standing inside the old historic preservation area where we studied this. greeks resembling the temples in greece. there are beautiful columns, a great rotunda. therotunda dome is extension most people look at. we always asked the visitors to look up and stare at the dome.
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nichols was the architect of the building. he had done a lot of work and other state capitals. i seen at ole miss. >> explore the life of jackson, mississippi. >> i tell the story so every aspect of the identity and one or another is a threat to israel. religion is muslim. my citizenship is american. my ethnicity is persian. my culture is middle eastern. cents off about me
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all the warning signals for israel. they experience him in rainy and american single man trying to get through the airport. it is a reminder to everyone has despite the way it wrought us closer and diminish the boundaries that separate us as nations and ethnicities and people and cultures, despite all of that, all you have to do is spend a few minutes trying to get through the airport to ,emember that those divisions the things that separate us every much alive. your phonel take calls, e-mails and tweets on islamist fundamentalism, the war on terror, and instability in the middle east. it is a three-day holiday
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weekend. television for serious readers. >> soldiers have been away from their homes for three to four years. our farm is falling to pieces. they're taking supplies from us. when are you going to come home. there's a large problem with desertion at the time. their heart stings are being pulled by families really needing them back home. it is a fairly strict set of orders. be shot.s would several occurrences of this happening. about this time les miserables
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came out in book form at the time. there were several confederate troops in the shop. said that the us. the 150thmarking anniversary of the civil war with our series about people and events that shaped the era. saturday at 6:00 and 10:00 eastern, huron american history tv, on c-span3. >> next on american history tv, we hear from a panel of authors gathered at the harry s. truman little white house in key west florida. to consider the presidents atomic energy legacy. they focus on the use of atomic energy after world war ii, and the truman administration's interest in civilian as well as military views. this program was part of the 12 annual truman legacy symposium. it's about one hour and 45 minutes. >> your speaker for the seco

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